Y343 - Development Problems in the Third World - Spring, 1991
Section J531 - TTh 115-230pm - CV206
Dr. Cliff Staten
Office: CV014 Office Phone: 941-2374
Office Hours: T 530-600pm; TTh 930-noon; MW 1100-noon
Y343 - Development Problems in the Third World

This course will introduce you to the developing countries of the world (often referred to the 3rd World). There are no prerequisites for the course and the assumption is that most of you are unfamiliar with the developing countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The focus of the course will be the following: (1) the problems of economic and political development, (2) explanations of political instability, and (3) the struggle for democracy in the 3rd World.

The class format will include lecture, discussion, video, and student presentations. It is important that you keep up with the assigned readings...this will make lectures more understandable, note-taking easier, and exam preparation easier. It will also make class discussions more fruitful and interesting.

Required Texts

Land, Power, and Poverty - Agrarian Transformation and Political Conflict in Central America (1990, revised) by Charles Brockett. This text focuses upon the relationship between economic growth through an agrarian export led strategy and political stability/ instability in Central America.

Revolution and Political Change in the Third World (1990) edited by Barry Schutz and Robert Slater. This text focuses upon the relationship between government legitimacy and the growth of revolutionary movements. Case studies from Central and South America, Africa, and Asia are included.

Politics in Developing Countries - Comparing Experiences with Democracy (1990) edited by Larry Diamond, Juan Linz, and Seymour Martin Lipset. This text attempts to explain why 3rd world countries have a difficult time establishing democratic forms of government. Case studies from South America, Africa, and Asia are included.

Recommended Reading - For Further Interest

Political Order in Changing Societies by Samuel Huntington.
A Man of the People by Chinua Achebe (novel).
Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy by Barrington Moore.
Revolution in the Third World by Gerard Chaliand.
Dependency and Development in Latin America by Fernando Cardoso and Enzo Faletto.
The End and the Beginning: The Nicaraguan Revolution by John Booth.
Export Oriented Development Strategies: The Success of the Five Newly Industrializing Countries edited by Vittorio Corbo, Ann Krueger, and Fernando Ossa.
States and Social Revolutions by Theda Skocpol.
From Mobilization to Revolution by Charles Tilly.
Why Men Rebel by Ted Gurr.
Inevitable Revolutions by Walter LaFeber.
First Things First: Meeting Basic Human Needs in Developing Countries by Paul Streeten, Shahid Javed Burki, Mahbub ul Haq, Norman Hicks, and Frances Stewart.
One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez (novel).
Income Distribution Policy in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Korea by Irma Adelman and Sherman Robinson.
Small is Beautiful by E.F. Schumacher.
The Poverty of Nations: The Political Economy of Hunger and Population by William Murdoch.

Course Outline

1. Introduction to the 3rd World - Read "The Other World" by Dianne Long, "The Old and the New: Colonialism, Neocolonialism, and Nationalism" by Joseph Weatherby, and "People and Food in the Other World" by William Alexander in Joseph Weatherby The Other World (on reserve)

2. Economic growth/development and political development in the 3rd World - Read "Objectives of Development" by Gerald Meier and "The Inverted U Hypothesis" by Gary Fields in Gerald Meier Leading Issues in Economic Development (on reserve); "Paradigms of Economic Development and Beyond" by Charles K. Wilber and Kenneth Jameson and "Toward a Nonethnocentric Theory of Development: Alternative Conceptions from the 3rd World" by Howard Wiarda in Charles K. Wilber The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment (on reserve); ch. 1 "Political Order and Political Decay" in Samuel Huntington Political Order in Changing Societies (on reserve); begin reading the Brockett text

3. Case study of Central America

3a. Agrarian transformation and political conflict - Read ch. 1 in Brockett

3b. Agrarian transformation in Central America - Read ch. 2-4 in Brockett

3c. Political conflict in Central America - Read ch. 5-8 in Brockett

3d. Conclusions - Read ch. 9-10 in Brockett and "Growth, Income Distribution and Equity-oriented Development Strategies" by Irma Adelman (on reserve)

4. EXAM #1

5. Understanding revolutions and revolutionary movements in the 3rd World - Read ch. 1-3 in Shutz

6. Videos, lectures, and discussion on the Cuban and Nicaraguan Revolutions - begin reading ch. 4-9 in Schutz

7. Case studies of revolutions and revolutionary movements - Read ch. 4-9 in Shutz

8. Conclusions - Read ch. 10 in Schutz

9. EXAM #2

10. Democracy and the struggle for democracy in the 3rd World - Read ch. 5-8 "Political Systems: Similarities", "Political Systems: Differences", "Differences: Polyarchies and Nonpolyarchies", and "Polyarchies and Nonpolyarchies: Explanation" in Robert Dahl Modern Political Analysis (on reserve) and Diamond ch. 1

11. Case studies of the struggle for democracy in the 3rd World - Read ch. 2-11 in Diamond

12. Conclusion and class summary - Lecture only

13. EXAM #3

Course Requirements

Your final course grade will consist of the following:

1. 3 in class exams (45%)

2. a 20 minute oral presentation (15%)

3. a research paper (35%)

4. class participation (5%)


Each are discussed below:

1. 3 in class exams - you will have 3 in class exams (15% each - total of 45%). They will consist of short ID and essay type questions. Although exams are not comprehensive, the course is designed to build upon what was learned in the previous section.

2. a 15 to 20 minute oral presentation (15%) - Case studies in the texts will be presented/taught to the class by the individual students. You must choose one of the case studies presented in either the Shutz or Diamond texts. These include: Ethiopia, Iran -Libya-Saudi Arabia, Peru, the Philippines, South Africa, the PLO, Angola, Chile, Brazil, Mexico, Turkey, India, Thailand, South Korea, Nigeria, Senegal, and Zimbabwe. If the class is large enough others include El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala. Your oral presentation should last a minimum of 15 minutes and a maximum of 20 minutes. The grade for your oral presentation will be based upon the following factors: (1) did the presenter explain the main points in the chapter, (2) did the presenter link the points in the chapter with the general themes that the Professor has emphasized in his lectures, (3) was the presentation clear and organized, in other words could the class understand, (4) was the presentation in the student's own words - in other words you should not read from the text, and (5) did the presentation last 15 to 20 minutes?

3. Research paper - you will be required to write a 12 to 18 page research paper on the topic of your choice (35%). The topic must focus on developmental problems in the 3rd World. In addition to general 3rd World problems of economic development, political instability, and the struggle for democracy which we will emphasize in class - you may want to focus on food problems, urbanization and the problems associated with it, environmental problems, population pressures, the role of multinational corporations, health and health care problems, housing problems, the role of the military, military coups d'etat, the role of women in the development, etc.

A research paper topic statement is due to me no later than Thursday, February 7th. The topic statement should include an initial bibliography of 5 sources for your research. If you are having trouble deciding upon a topic, please come see me as soon as possible.

An outline and tentative thesis statement (the main theme or point of your research is due to me no later than Thursday, March 14th. This should include a bibliography of at least 10 sources excluding Time, Newsweek, and US News and World Report.

Although not required, I encourage you to allow me to evaluate the first draft of your research paper. The final draft is due in my office no later than the last day of regular classes - Tuesday, April 23rd.

Your paper will be evaluated on both content and the manner of presentation. The content of your paper consists of what you say about the topic. It should go beyond merely recording, rewriting, and rephrasing the ideas and information you gather through your research. A well done paper will attempt to integrate material that is presented in class lectures, videos, and discussions. Remember, you should state the thesis in the introductory paragraph and proceed to support the thesis in the rest of the paper. The manner of your presentation consists of the clarity of your writing and the organization of the paper; as well as grammar, punctuation, spelling, sentence and paragraph structure.

Stylistic and format questions should be addressed to Turabian's A Manual for Writers or The Chicago Manual of Style.

If you have any questions concerning the research paper, please do not hesitate to call me or come to talk to me!!!!!

4. Class participation - you will receive a class participation grade (5%). It will be based upon your class attendance, participation in class discussion over the semester, and how well you meet the deadlines concerning your research paper topic statement and initial outline and thesis statement. Class discussion should reflect you knowledge of the assigned reading material and should be constructive to the overall discussion.

5. Optional, comprehensive final exam - you will have the option of taking a comprehensive final in class exam. The final will consist of essay type questions. The grade you receive on the final may be substituted for a lower grade that was received on any of the other in class exams.

Other Relevant Information Concerning the Class

Make up exams: I rarely give make up exams. The only exceptions ar for the following reasons - family emergency, illness (doctor's excuse required), and a university related trip.

Incompletes: I do not give grades of incomplete

A Note on Plagiarism

Indiana University has a specific policy on plagiarism. A student must not intentionally adopt or reproduce ideas, words, or statements of another person without acknowledgement. A student must give due credit to the originality of others and honestly pay his or her literary debts. He or she should acknowledge indebtedness:

1. whenever he or she quotes another person's ideas, opinion, or theory

2. whenever he or she borrows facts, statistics, or other illustrative material -- unless the information is common knowledge.

Any assignment which has been in full or part plagiarized will receive an F.